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Linen is one of the most sought-after textiles in the world, but what do you know about it?

Let’s look at the history of linen fabric!


Linen Fabric History

Linen fiber is one of the oldest used by humans. It’s produced from the stems of the flax plan. Linen was an important textile before cotton and other fibers as it is very versatile and can serve many purposes.


Flax is one of the oldest domesticated plants in the world. In fact, fabrics made from flax have been dated up to 30,000 years old in Eastern Europe, 9,000 years old in Syria, and 5,000 years old in India and China. Flax was amongst the first plants to be fully domesticated in the Fertile Crescent, and they were processed by the first urban civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Nowadays flax is a popular   plant to grow worldwide


In the times of the Pharaohs, the Egyptians referred to linen as “woven moonlight”. And there’s certainly something quite special about this living, beautiful, resilient and easy-care material.

Its durability stems from the extra long fibres of the linen, which make for a strong fabric that resists wear and tear. The texture of linen also changes over the course of its lifespan, growing more beautiful with age.

The best thing about flax plant is that all its parts can be used for something – so no part of it is wasted. 

the best stems are used for production of quality linen fabric
linseeds are used as superfoods and powerhouses of nutrition
linen oil is used in cooking and cosmetology
the other leftover parts as straw, lower-quality stems are turned into many products: lino, soap, healthy paper, even cattle feed and lots more.


Production countries

Flax is mainly grown in places with low temperature. The best flax is grown in areas with cool weather and yield high production. A study in 2014 indicated that the total flax production all over the world is almost 2.65 million tonnes annually and has have increased since then.

Here are the list world’s largest Flax producing countries: Canada, Kazakhstan, China, Russia, USA, India, France, Argentina, Italy, Ukraine, Belgium, Holland and other.